Learn what copyright infringement looks like and what steps you can take if you think you're copyright has been infringed.
In this information sheet:Learn what copyright infringement looks like and what steps you can take if you think you're copyright has been infringed. Copyright here which sets out some of the essential things to know about copyright. Copyright infringement occurs when another person (or entity) does the things that only the copyright holder is usually allowed to do with their work, without the copyright owner’s permission (often called a licence) and without any relevant defence. It’s not necessary for the infringer to copy or use all of your creative work to be “infringing” your copyright. As long as they have used a “substantial part” of it without either your consent or a relevant defence, they may have infringed your copyright. The question of what is a “substantial part” is not defined in the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth) but courts have made decisions about the meaning of “substantial part” over many years and it has generally been interpreted as an important, recognisable, essential part of the whole. The test of what is substantial is qualitative, rather than quantitative. In other words, there’s no rule that copying 5% of a work is okay. It depends on the quality of what is being copied. It’s important to seek legal advice if you think your copyright has been infringed before making any claims that others have done so, because these claims (if unfounded) could be characterised as a “groundless threat” – and you could yourself be sued for making a groundless threat. Arts Law can advise you on whether a letter of demand is a good idea in your particular situation here. Because there are time limits for starting legal proceedings to sue someone for copyright infringement, you should get legal advice as soon as possible after discovering the infringement. This is also very important because any delay can be used in support of an argument that you delayed because your copyright wasn’t that valuable to you and so any damages payable to you should be nominal. For further information on copyright and what constitutes infringement see the Australian Copyright Council’s information sheet entitled Infringement Actions, remedies, offences and penalties available from its website copyright.org.au. Collecting Societies. If you are advised that an infringement has occurred, you may be advised to write a letter of demand to the other party (the person or entity infringing your copyright).
· make the person aware that you are the creator and copyright owner of the work;
· outline your exclusive rights as the copyright owner;
· explain how the recipient has infringed these rights;
· outline how you would like to remedy the situation;
· state that if an adequate response is not received by the specified deadline the writer has the right to commence legal proceedings; and
· serve as a document which can be used as evidence in any court proceedings to prove that you informed the recipient of your rights and gave them an opportunity to rectify the breach.
- careful not to make threats about infringement which cannot be substantiated as these may constitute ‘groundless threats ‘ for which you could yourself be sued
- prepared to take the matter to court if the letter of demand does not lead to a satisfactory outcome. This means you need to be able to prove that you are the copyright owner and that the recipient has infringed your copyright. Therefore you will need to show that they had access to your work and that they copied it; and
- careful not to send a letter which is designed to look like a court document because this is illegal.